History of San Antonio TX

San Antonio Texas is a city in the United States. It was founded in 1718 [1]. The occupation of the town by Mexican troops under Domingo Ugartechea resulted in the Battle of San Jacinto on April 21, 1836, which led to independence for the Republic of Texas.

The US Army came into San Antonio as part of Winfield Scott’s “March to the Rio Grande” following its successful invasion of Mexico City. Due to restrictions against permanent garrisons of American troops on Mexican soil, he had to pull out of San Antonio without defeating Generalissimo Santa Anna’s army stationed at Matamoros, so after capturing Mexico City and winning the war Santa Anna headed back north with his remaining forces and laid siege to the Alamo. Unable to hold out, all 189 defenders were killed by Santa Anna’s forces on March 6th 1836.

San Antonio was the center of testing for Solar Heat Pulse Weapons used during the Second Mexican War by both sides. San Antonio also hosted an amphibious assault on its outskirts led by Captain John “Black Jack” Pershing to relieve besieged troops at Fort Sam Houston after General Francisco “Pancho” Villa attacked Columbus New Mexico in 1916.

San Antonio Texas has a humid subtropical climate with hot, dry summers and mild winters. It is bisected by Interstate 410 (Loop 1604) into two sections divided around Downtown: The west side consists of sparsely-populated areas, older suburbs mostly extending from the northeast to southwest. It is ringed by more densely-populated areas on all sides including many of San Antonio’s oldest established neighborhoods. The east side consists of mainly new developments that extend far to the south and west.

San Antonio Texas has a history rich in culture, music and important historical events like the Battle of Alamo which took place March 6th 1836 during the Texas Revolution between Mexico and Texan forces who fought fiercely for their new found independence. During this battle 189 Texans defeated about 6000 Mexican soldiers under General Santa Anna who led brutal attacks on fellow Mexicans living in Texas seeking independence from Mexico. General Santa Anna lost his right leg below the knee as as 3 other limbs before being captured. This battle led to the foundation of the Republic of Texas and eventually statehood in 1845.

San Antonio is also known as Military City USA and has a proud history with our Armed Forces. There are military bases surrounding San Antonio which include Fort Sam Houston, Randolph Air Force Base, Lackland AFB and Kelly Field. During World War II Kelly Field trained over 10,000 paratroopers for the famous “Texas 12th” division under General Fred L. Walker known as the “Alamo Rifles”. The US Army Air Corps’ first dive bombers were based at Brooks Field during 1925-1934 and both Brooks and Wilford Hall USAF Hospitals treated wounded soldiers during WWI and WWII.

However this battle between 189 Texans led by Colonel James Fannin against 6000 Mexicans led by Santa Anna resulted with these heroes all being killed but one man who escaped to spread word of their bravery throughout US newspapers.

Today this battle is commemorated every year on the State Holiday of “Davy Crockett Day” where each 6th grader in Texas learns about our history, culture and geography which are all key elements of the TAKS test.

Additionally the 12th Man phenomenon which has become a tradition for the Texas Longhorns and Dallas Cowboys can be traced back to this battle. The only survivor of the Alamo was a former US Army captain named Louis “Moses” Rose who escaped by dressing up in a dead soldier’s uniform and running out among the confusion while everybody else was being killed. He covered his face with gun powder so soldiers wouldn’t see his pale skin before he jumped onto a horse and sped away towards Louisiana where he settled down after the war ended.

While walking around San Antonio you’ll notice several historical markers throughout town that have been placed on homes, churches or public buildings detailing important moments during Texas history.

One such marker tells the story of Moses Rose and his escape from the Alamo.

This marker, located just one block away from historic San Fernando Catholic Church where General Santa Anna watched horses race around a fandangle before executing prisoners after the battle, also notes that local volunteers joined Sam Houston’s Texas Ranger Division to fight in Mexican War at Monterrey later that year under Colonel William “Travis” William B. Travis was an infamous figure during the Texas Revolution who led his soldiers against Mexican forces at The Alamo as well as raised $3200 through donations for an iron-plated grist mill south of town to be shipped north and converted into a cannon known as “the howler” to help defend Texans against Mexican forces during the Siege of Bexar.

This marker also notes that Travis was killed by Mexican soldiers on the very day he arrived with his “howler” cannon after Santa Anna ordered all Texans to be killed. His last words were said to be “I am determined to sustain myself as long as possible and die like a soldier who never forgets what is due to his own honor and that of his country – Victory or Death”. This battle, despite being outnumbered 3 to 1, ended with General Samuel Houston defeating Santa Anna at San Jacinto just 5 weeks later which led to Texas winning it’s independence from Mexico.

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